1946-1968 Cold War U.S. Department of Seal
Department of State
1776-1783
1784-1800
1801-1829
1830-1860
1861-1865
1866-1913
1914-1920
1921-1936
1937-1945
1946-1968
1969-1989
Image of Dwight D. Eisenhower   |
National Security Act of 1947
| The National Security Act of 1947 mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S. Government.
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Marshall Plan
| In the immediate post-World War II period, Europe remained ravaged by war and thus susceptible to exploitation by an internal and external Communist threat. In a June 5, 1947, speech to the graduating class at Harvard University, Secretary of State George C. Marshall issued a call for a comprehensive program to rebuild Europe.
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McCarthyism and the Department of State
| In the early years of the cold war Congressional, press, and public scrutiny of Department of State conduct of foreign policy turned into direct attacks not only on policies, but also on personnel.
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Castro, Cuba, and Missles
| In early 1961 President John F. Kennedy concluded that Fidel Castro was a Soviet client working to subvert Latin America.
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Cold War
1946-1968
U.S. Government meets the challenges of the Soviet bloc and contains communism. The Kennedy administration creates the Peace Corps and reinvigorates foreign aid.
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Kennan and Containment
| George F. Kennan, a career Foreign Service Officer, formulated the policy of "containment," the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war (1947-1989) with the Soviet Union. Kennan's ideas, which became the basis of the Truman administration's foreign policy, first came to public attention in 1947 in the form of an anonymous contribution to the journal Foreign Affairs, the so-called "X-Article."
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Korean War and Japan's Recovery
| As the cold war came to dominate U.S. foreign policy, America extended security commitments to two nations in Northeast Asia—the Republic of Korea and Japan.
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Belrin Crisis
| At the end of World War II Berlin, former capital of the Third Reich, was a divided city in a divided country.
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Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps
| Growing out of the fear of increased Soviet and Cuban influence in Latin America, the 1961-1969 Alliance for Progress was in essence a Marshall Plan for Latin America.
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1776, 1784, 1801, 1830, 1861, 1866, 1914, 1921, 1937, 1946, 1969